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Birsa Munda birthday

Red salutes to Birsa Munda (15th Nov. 1875 – 1900), the leader of the Great Munda Rebellion against British imperialism!

In 1900, the Munda tribes of Bihar’s Chota Nagpur region — Ranchi, Singhbum, Chakradharpur — had spread their armed struggle to an area covering roughly 550 sq. miles. The Ulgulan movement created panic in the hearts of the moneylenders, landlords, dacoits, contractors, missionaries and the British imperialists, as never before. It gave the adivasis a self-respect, taught them to fight fearlessly, and gave them a new meaning to their lives. This great movement, which inspired lakhs of adivasis, was led by the youthful Birsa Munda.

Birsa Munda was born into a share-croppers family in 1874. In order to gain education Birsa, like many other tribal youth, became a Christian. But, in order to gain self-respect, he soon left that education. Faced with daily hunger, Birsa fled to the forests.

Before the British came to India, the forests were like mother to the tribals. The British came with their forest, land and other laws and stripped the tribals of their natural rights. They introduced moneylenders, landlords, traders, mahajans, into the region, through which to loot the adivasis. They usurped the tribal lands, and reduced them to a slave-like existence. Against this oppression the Munda tribes fought continuously, for over three decades. And it was to this on-going struggle that Birsa Munda gave a new turn and a new meaning.

In 1894 Birsa declared himself a god, and began to awaken the masses and arouse them against the landlord-British combine. Combining religion and politics he went from village to village giving discourses and building a politico-military organisation. He declared an end to Victorian rule and the establishment of Munda Rule. He organised the people to stop paying debts/interest to moneylenders and taxes to the British. He broke all links with the missionaries and took the path of revolt. The British retaliated and brought in the armed police. One night, while in his sleep, Birsa was arrested. He spent two years in jail.

When he left jail in November 1897, he once again began organising the tribals. He now went underground. He sowed the seeds of revolt against the landlords and British. He raised the self-confidence of the tribals, who increased their attacks on the landlords. He formed two military units — one for military training and armed struggle, the other for propaganda. He declared December 24, 1899, as the day for the launching of the armed struggle.

On Christmas eve the attacks began. In the first phase police stations were attacked at Khunti, Jamar, Basia, Ranchi, etc. Eight policemen were killed, while 32 fled; 89 houses of landlords were burnt down; churches and British property were reduced to ashes. The flames of the struggle spread to 550 sq. miles in the Chota Nagpur region. The struggle was so intense that on the fourth day itself, Ranchi’s deputy commissioner called in the Army. Many British fled the region. The first phase of the struggle ended on January 5, 1990.

On January 6, 1900, the second phase of the Ulgulan movement began. Not only were attacks launched on the moneylender-landlord-mahajan-contractor combine, but directly against the British. Using poisoned arrows many police and Britishers were killed; many traders’ houses were burnt; the flames of armed struggle spread far and wide. But, the British army entered with their guns, brutally massacring the tribals. The bow and arrow were no match to British fire-power. Entire Ranchi and Singhbum town were handed over to the army. Finally, on February 3, 1900 Birsa was caught. Severe cases were put on him, and 482 others. While the cases were on, he began vomiting blood in jail. On June 9, 1900, Birsa Munda became a martyr. Though he had no symptoms of cholera, the British declared he died of cholera. Cowardly murdered in British jails, Birsa Munda became a legend to the tribals of Chota Nagpur, and a symbol of the anti-feudal, anti-colonial struggle of that time.

Today, let us honour the great Birsa Munda and his fellow rebels by vowing to carry forward their struggles against imperialism and its lackeys! Let us unite under their slogans of self-rule and revolution!

ABUA DISHUM ABUA RAJ!

ULGULAAN ULGULAAN!

https://www.facebook.com/MaoZhuxiWanSui/photos/a.667894946578699.1073741...

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